If you are not familiar with crawl space, it is a narrow space that is left in between the floor of a building and the ground so that a person can store things and so wires and pipes are easy to get to when it needs repair and maintenance. Many homes have crawl space instead of basements which can be done by digging it out so that it forms a fully functional basement. This task is usually done by professionals, but if you choose to do it yourself, you can do so by these 5 essential steps.
Here are the 5 essential steps to effectively and carefully dig out a crawl space for your home so it eventually leads to a full basement where you can have more space inside your home and the danger of damaging the foundation of your home is prevented.
First, measure out and mark the periphery around the foundation. You can use a measuring tape and powdered chalk to measure and mark the edges of your basement. Make sure that it is at least 3 feet away from the foundation so that dirt will not fall into it and so it maintains integrity and stability.
Step two is the digging part. Dig out the demarcated area and you can do this by getting yourself a small shovel and wheelbarrow. Slowly dig a ramp down the crawl space and move your way forward. Start collecting the dirt in the wheelbarrow and keep disposing it every time that it is full.
In step three, continue digging your way forward until you hit the support post. This is the part where you have to dig a new foundation so you can install a new support post in place. Dig a hole next to the support post of the crawl space that is 3 inches lower than the actual depth of the basement floor.
In this step, install the support posts and reinforce it with concrete to keep it in place stablely. Carefully lower a new support post in the hole that you dug up. Try to make use of an adjustable steel support post that extends many feet until it is flush against the ceiling of the hole. In mixing concrete and water, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Lastly, make sure to check the level of the dirt. Extend a strong at an equal distance from the ceiling and ground to make sure that you are digging at an even depth all throughout. Make the adjustments as needed by removing dirt for sections that are higher than the rest or adding in dirt if it is lower. Use a carpenter’s level to help you check if it is level.